Warning: session_start() [function.session-start]: open(C:\Windows\Temp\\sess_fvsh3mqikb72ctelqqggj90vc5, O_RDWR) failed: Invalid argument (22) in D:\inetpub\wwwroot\include\lib_auth.php on line 5

Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at D:\inetpub\wwwroot\include\ui_pathway.php:63) in D:\inetpub\wwwroot\include\ui_pathway.php on line 83

Warning: Cannot modify header information - headers already sent by (output started at D:\inetpub\wwwroot\include\ui_pathway.php:63) in D:\inetpub\wwwroot\include\data_organism.php on line 119
MetNet - plant pathway - flavonoid biosynthesis
  export functions:            

Pathway details: flavonoid biosynthesis


General info Interaction details Linked pathways Protein-protein interactions
Notes
  Pathway was created on Mon Jul 29, 2013.
 Contributed by aracyc:
Flavonoids are secondary metabolites formed from phenylpropanoid and fatty acid derivatives and have important functions, acting as UV-B protectors , attractors of pollinators and seed dispersers, insect feeding attractors, anti-feedants, signal molecules in legume-rhizobium bacteria interactions , and fungicides. Flavonoids have also received a lot of attention due to their effect of human health. In some plant species, flavonoids are required for fertility, but this is not the case in Arabidopsis . Biosynthesis is thought to occur in the cytoplasm through enzymes that are associated with the endoplasmatic reticulum membranes where the enzymes form a large, macromolecular complex . The structure of the major flavonoids in Arabidopsis have recently been described . Under greenhouse conditions, only kaempferol glycosides accumulate in Arabidopsis. With higher UV exposure, quercetin metabolites can be detected as well . Most flavonoids accumulate in the vacuole, the cuticular wax and in the cell wall . Flavonoids constitute a relatively diverse family of aromatic molecules that are derived from Phenylalanine and malonyl-coenzyme A (CoA; via the fatty acidic pathway). There are six major subgroups found in most higher plants: the chalcones, flavones, flavonols, flavandiols, anthocyanins, and condensed tannins (proanthocyanidins); a seventh group, the aurones, are not ubiquitos. Isoflavonoids are found mostly in legumes but also in a small number of non-legume plants and another specialized form of flavonoids, the phlobaphenes (monomers: 3-deoxyanthocyanins), have been detected in only a few species so far. Stilbenes, closely related to flavonoids, are synthesized by yet another group of unrelated species.
  Parts of this pathway occur in:   cytosol     nucleus     endoplasmic reticulum     peroxisome  


interactions
View raw
Browse interactions [46]: By type By location All interactions
Type
Translation
Transcription
Enzymatic reaction
Catalysis
Composition-OR
Participating entities and compounds
Linked pathways
Browse entities [86]: By type Sources & sinks All entities

Type
metabolite [24]
protein complex [6]
polypeptide [24]
RNA [16]
gene [16]


Copyright © 2006-2016 Wurtele lab. Copyright refers to the integration and online application, not the data from the various sources.

 

Number of queries executed: 10

Warning: Unknown: open(C:\Windows\Temp\\sess_fvsh3mqikb72ctelqqggj90vc5, O_RDWR) failed: Invalid argument (22) in Unknown on line 0

Warning: Unknown: Failed to write session data (files). Please verify that the current setting of session.save_path is correct (C:\Windows\Temp\) in Unknown on line 0